You probably moved into customer experience (CX) because of a passion for customers. You chose this space because you know that if you can improve customers’ experiences with your company, they will be happier, they’ll stay with you longer, and both the business and your customers will prosper.
But actually improving the experience is hard.
If you’re like most of the CX professionals we interviewed last year, the reality has hit you that it’s incredibly difficult to move your silos enough to substantially improve the customer experience. That’s where change management, the missing element in most CX programs, comes in.
Mark Smith, formerly the VP of CX at Element Fleet Solutions, discussed this when I interviewed him a few years back. And we work with a few programs that build around change management. For example, one B2B client has two people dedicated to change management on their seven-member CX team, so it’s not surprising that they’ve accomplished far more in their CX transformation in three years than others have in a decade.
At Heart of the Customer, we’re big believers in change management. In fact, building our customer journey mapping approach around Prosci’s ADKAR change management framework has been instrumental in the success we’ve helped clients achieve. (Speaking of which, register now to join me and our Chief Technology Officer Shawn Phillips for a September 2 webinar exploring change management principles and real-world success stories!)
We also believe John Kotter’s book, Leading Change, should be a standard text in our field. Kotter supplements ADKAR by offering a clear guide for applying change management within an organization to sustain effort.
Kotter lists eight steps…but most programs go off the rails in the first three.
First, Create a Sense of Urgency
The best programs tie customer experience to a business problem. Customer churn, low share of wallet, and high effort (and therefore costs) to serve are all customer problems that also hurt the business. These are compelling calls to action.
Unfortunately, most CX programs fail to create a compelling need for the business to change. The typical call to action is, “Our survey scores are low – we need to improve the Net Promoter Score.” Effective programs start with a business problem – and a low survey score ain’t it.
Build a Guiding Coalition
Effective programs engage leadership, typically through a CX Council made up of organizational leaders.
Do you want to frustrate a CX practitioner? Then talk about governance – the practice of involving senior leadership to review the current state of the customer experience and guide its implementation. I’ve talked with multiple programs that say, “We’re not ready for governance.” I connect with them two years later and hear “We’re just not making any progress!”
Huh. Who would have guessed?
You can’t sustain an improved customer experience without involving leadership. Active involvement. And that involves their time. If you can’t create a guiding coalition that includes your VPs, then you can’t create sustained change. It’s hard work – but the time you take to engage leadership in the beginning will save you time as you implement your changes.
Form a Strategic Vision
Create a vision to show employees where you are going. An effective vision allows employees to make decisions when you’re not in the room. Is your goal to be the simplest experience? If so, then a vision should show the way, encouraging your teams to cut out high-effort activities.
I remember interviewing one CX leader who said, “Our vision is to be the most flexible, but also the simplest experience, while maintaining our role as a low-cost provider.”
That’s not a vision. That’s a menu! The best programs make trade-offs, and a vision helps employees to do this.
CX is great at forming initiatives. And initiatives are good. But only once you’ve created the case for change, formed the guiding coalition, and shared a vision. Because sustaining effective CX change is hard. If you don’t have executives backing you up and restating the case for change, your programs will be deprioritized for sexier ones.
Kotter gives tons of examples of programs that jumped right to initiatives, hoping to show the organization that better CX improves the business. These programs almost always die on the vine, because they can’t get the support they need.
Real customer-focused change is possible, and we see a limited number of companies to inspire us. These programs have taken the time to create a compelling case for change that shows why an improved CX will result in an improved business. They then engage the executives into a change coalition and build a vision of an improved future state.
Pick up a copy of Kotter’s book to peruse over Labor Day weekend. While it’s not a CX book, it will give you a solid framework for creating happier customers and a healthier business. (And before you head out for the holiday, join us for that September 2 webinar!)